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Most Common Web Hosting Terms and Glossaries with Definition

Web Hosting Terms and Glossaries

Knowledge about server technology and the system helps us to operate and maintain it properly and efficiently. Here, we will discuss the most common web and hosting glossaries that are useful if you are a website owner or want to start your career in the web hosting business. 

Common Terms are IP address, Server, CDN, FTP, Load Balancing, Firewall, DDoS Protection, Malware Scanner, Uptime Monitor, Server Response Time, Linux, Apache, Ngnix, LiteSpeed, CPU Core, and CMS.

Other Commer Terminologies are Disks, Bandwidth, DNS, SSL Certificate, Mail Server, Backup Server, cPanel, Cache Server, PHP Server, MySQL Server, Spamming, VPS Server, SMTP, DKIM, SSH, .htaccess, Name Server, Domain Privacy, HTTPS, Subdomain, WHM, CGI, Domain Registrar, Data Migration, ICANN, TLD, Softaculous, IMAP, MX Records, Bounce Rate, Cloud Hosting, RAID, SFTP, SLA


IP address

An IP address is a unique numerical designation provided to each device connected to a computer network that communicates using the Internet Protocol. The IP address of a website is used to determine the location of the server on which it is hosted.


A server is a physical location that keeps files and data for a website and makes it accessible to users over the internet.

CDN (Content Delivery Network)

A CDN is a spread network of servers that deliver material to users based on their geographic location, such as photos, videos, and other media. By minimizing the distance that data must travel, CDNs may increase the speed and performance of a website.

FTP (File Transfer Protocol)

FTP is a network protocol that allows files to be transferred from one server to another across a TCP-based network, such as the internet. FTP is frequently used to transfer files to and from a web server.

Load balancing

Load balancing is dividing incoming traffic over many servers or resources to improve a website's or application's performance and availability. This is done to guarantee that no one server or resource is overwhelmed, which might result in slowdowns or outages.


A firewall is a security system that monitors and regulates network traffic based on predefined security rules. A firewall can aid in the protection of a website from cyber assaults and other risks.

DDoS protection

DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) assaults are cyberattacks that try to overload a website or network with traffic from various sources to make it unavailable to users. These assaults may be disruptive and costly; thus, hosting service providers must provide security against them.

Malware Scanner

A malware scanner scans the hosting server for malicious programs and code. It assists in identifying and removing any suspicious program that can harm the website’s and visitors’ security.

Uptime Monitor

It is a tool for monitoring a website’s uptime and downtime. The website owner or administrator gets notified through this tool if the web server goes down or becomes inaccessible.

Server Response Time

This refers to the time it takes the server to respond to a request made by a user or client. It is an essential metric for monitoring website performance and can have a significant impact on user experience. 


It is web server software. Nginx is known for reliability, high performance, and speed. This software is very handy in balancing load and reversing proxy. 


It is an open-source operating system (OS). Linux is very popular and widely used for hosting servers. The reasons for its popularity are because its flexibility, security, and stability. 


Apache is an open-source web server software and responsible for HTTP requests from users and serving them their desired information in the form of files and web pages. It is popularly known for its flexibility, stability, and security. 


LiteSpeed is a popular web server. It is mainly known for its advanced features such as high scalability, enhanced security, load balancing, high performance, and compatibility. These useful features ensure improve website performance. 

CPU Core

The central processing unit core is responsible for instructions processing and performs calculations or various tasks. Usually, a web server is equipped with a high-performance multi-core to process and handle multiple requests simultaneously.  

Content Management System (CMS)

A content management system (CMS) is a software application or group of related applications used to produce and manage digital material. WordPress, Joomla, and Drupal are examples of CMSs.


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